The first US combat troops arrive in Vietnam. By the end of the year, 190,000 American soldiers are in Vietnam. Background: Vietnam War
US marines land in the Dominican Republic as fighting persists between rebels and Dominican army (April 28).
France withdraws its Atlantic fleet from NATO.
Rhodesia unilaterally declares its independence from Britain (Nov. 11).
Population: 3.345 billion
Nobel Peace Prize:
UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)
U.S. Events of 1965
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and more than 2,600 others arrested in Selma, Ala., during demonstrations against voter-registration rules (Feb. 1). Background: Civil Rights
Malcolm X, black-nationalist leader, shot to death at Harlem rally (Feb. 21).
Blacks riot for six days in Watts section of Los Angeles: 34 dead, over 1,000 injured, nearly 4,000 arrested (Aug. 11-16).
President: Lyndon B. Johnson
Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey
Life expectancy: 70.2 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 24.5
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 22.5
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 5.5
US GDP (1998 dollars): $719.1 billion
Federal spending: $118.23 billion
Federal debt: $322.3 billion
Consumer Price Index: 31.5
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.05
1965 in Entertainment
The Sound of Music premieres. An instant hit, the film was one of the top-grossing films of 1965 and remains one of film's most popular musicals.
ABC pays an unprecedented $32 million for a four-year contract with the NCAA to broadcast football games on Saturday afternoons.
Bill Cosby, starring in I Spy, becomes the first African American to headline a television show.
Fiction: The Keepers of the House, Shirley Ann Grau
Drama: The Subject Was Roses, Frank D. Gilroy
Oscars awarded in 1965:
Academy Award, Best Picture: My Fair Lady, Jack L. Warner, producer (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Mikhail Sholokhov (USSR)
Grammys awarded in 1965:
Record of the Year: 'The Girl From Ipanema,' Stan Getz and Astrud Gilberto
Album of the Year: Getz/Gilberto, Stan Getz and Joao Gilberto (Verve)
Song of the Year: 'Hello, Dolly!,' Jerry Herman, songwriter
Miss America: Vonda Kay Van Dyke (AZ)
Top Grossing Films of the Year
1. Mary Poppins
2. The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews
4. My Fair Lady
5. What's New Pussycat
7. The Sandpiper
8. Father Goose
Best Picture: The Sound of Music - Argyle, Twentieth Century-Fox
Best Actor: Lee Marvin - Cat Ballou
Best Actress: Julie Christie - Darling
Other Movies Released
Help!, starring The Beatles
Doctor Zhivago, starring Omar Sharif, Julie Christie, Geraldine Chaplin, Rod Steiger, and Alec Guinness
For a Few Dollars More
The Great Race
The Sons of Katie Elder
The Legend of Blood Mountain
Rekopis znaleziony w Saragossie
A Thousand Clowns
Zorba the Greek
Those Magnificient Men in Their Flying Machines
The Ipcress File
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte
The Knack...And How to Get It, Cannes Grand Prize
Alphaville, Golden Bear winner
The Shop on Main Street
Juliet of the Spirits
Ship of Fools
The Spy who Came in From the Cold
The Agony and the Ectasy
TV in 1965
CBS switched to the color standard in September.
February 22 - A new, videotaped production of the 1957 special Cinderella, by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, airs with young Lesley Ann Warren in the title role. The production also starred Ginger Rogers, Walter Pidgeon, and Celeste Holm.
March 24 - Live TV pictures from US unmanned moon probe 'Ranger 9' transmitted prior to impact.
April 21 - The Beach Boys appear on Shindig! performing their most recent hit, 'Do You Wanna Dance?'.
September - CBS switches to the color standard, with a new color ident and jingle, informing the viewers that 'CBS presents this program in color'.
September 12 - The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing songs from their new album Help!.
Sony introduces the now outdated Betamax, a home video tape recorder.
First television broadcasts in Paraguay.
The War Game, a drama-documentary by director Peter Watkins depicting the events of a fictional nuclear attack on the United Kingdom, is controversially pulled from its planned transmission in BBC1's The Wednesday Play anthology strand. The BBC has been pressured into this move by the government, who do not wish much of the play's content to be made public. It is eventually released to cinemas, and wins the 1966 Academy Award for Documentary Feature. The BBC finally screens the play in the 1980s.
January 2 - World Of Sport premieres on ITV in the UK with Eamonn Andrews as its first host
January 12 - Hullabaloo premieres on NBC in the US. The first show included performances by the New Christy Minstrels, comedian Woody Allen, actress Joey Heatherton and a segment from London in which Brian Epstein introduces the Zombies and Gerry and the Pacemakers
November 8 - The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts (1965-present)
Green Acres premieres (1965-1971)
Hogan's Heroes premieres (1965-1971)
I Dream of Jeannie premieres (1965-1970)
Lost in Space premieres (1965-1968)
The Dean Martin Show premieres (1965-1974)
Popular Television Shows
Candid Camera (1948-present)
The Ed Sullivan Show (1948-1971)
Truth or Consequences (1950-1988)
What's My Line (1950-1967)
Search for Tomorrow (1951-1986)
American Bandstand (1952-1989)
The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (1952-1966)
The Guiding Light (1952-present)
The Today Show (1952-present)
Panorama (UK) (1953-present)
The Good Old Days (UK) (1953-1983)
The Milton Berle Show (1954-1967)
The Secret Storm (1954-1974)
The Tonight Show (1954-present)
Captain Kangaroo (1955-1984)
Dixon of Dock Green (UK) (1955-1976)
The Lawrence Welk Show (1955-1982)
This Is Your Life (UK) (1955-2003)
Armchair Theatre (UK) (1956-1968)
As the World Turns (1956-present)
Opportunity Knocks (UK) (1956-1978)
The Edge of Night (1956-1984)
What the Papers Say (UK) (1956-present)
The Sky at Night (UK) (1957-present)
Blue Peter (UK) (1958-present)
Grandstand (UK) (1958-present)
The Donna Reed Show (1958-1966)
Juke Box Jury (1959-1967, 1979, 1989-1990)
Coronation Street (UK) (1960-present)
My Three Sons (1960-1972)
The Andy Griffith Show (1960-1968)
The Flintstones (1960-1966)
Mister Ed (1961-1966)
The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961-1966)
The Mike Douglas Show (1961-1981)
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color (1961-1969)
Match Game (1962-1969, 1973-1984, 1990-1991, 1998-1999)
The Beverly Hillbillies (1962-1971)
The Lucy Show (1962-1968)
Z-Cars (UK) (1962-1978)
Dr Who (UK) (1963-1989)
General Hospital (1963-present)
Petticoat Junction (1963-1970)
Ready Steady Go (1963-1966)
The Doctors (1963-1982)
Another World (1964-1999)
Daniel Boone (1964-1970)
Gilligan's Island (1964-1967)
Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. (1964-1970)
Jeopardy! (1964-1975, 1984-present)
Peyton Place (1964-1969)
The Addams Family (1964-1966)
The Munsters (1964-1966)
The Wednesday Play (UK) (1964-1970)
Top of the Pops (UK) (1964-present)
This Hour Has Seven Days (1964-1966)
Ending this year
The Jack Benny Show (1950-1965)
The Price Is Right (1956-1965)
1965 in Science - Astronomy and space exploration
February 20 - Ranger 8 crashes into the Moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.
March 23 - NASA launches Gemini 3 which is the United States' first two-person space flight took (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
November 16 - Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe from Baikonur, Kazakhstan toward Venus (on March 1, 1966 it became the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet).
November 26 - At the Hammaguira launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, Asterix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter space.
More Astronomy and space exploration
Arno A. Penzias and Robert W. Wilson's (US) discovery of cosmic background radiation confirms the 'Big Bang' theory. Background: Astronomy
Early Bird, the first commercial communications satellite, is launched.
Wally Schirra and Thomas Stafford aboard Gemini VI perform the first rendezvous with another spacecraft, Gemini VII, with Frank Borman and James Lovell. Background: US Staffed Space Flights
Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov performs the first spacewalk (Mar. 18). Edward White II becomes the first American to walk in space (June 3). Background: Space Exploration
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Robert B. Woodward (US), for work in synthesizing complicated organic compounds
Physics: Richard P. Feynman, Julian S. Schwinger (both US), and Shinichiro Tomonaga (Japan), for research in quantum electrodynamics
Physiology or Medicine: Franηois Jacob, Andrι Lwolff, and Jacques Monod (all France), for study of regulatory activities in body cells
February 25 - Kristin Davis, actress
May 31 - Brooke Shields, actress
September 9 - Adam Sandler, American actor, comedian
November 20 - Ben Stiller, actor
Nat King Cole
Edward R. Murrow
1965 in Literature - Events
Frank Herbert's Dune wins the first ever Nebula Award
The Magus - John Fowles is published.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X - Alex Haley & Malcolm X
The British Museum Is Falling Down - David Lodge
Dune - Frank Herbert
Georgy Girl - Margaret Forster
The Green Berets - Robin Moore
Hotel - Arthur Hailey
The Looking-Glass War - John le Carrι
The Magus - John Fowles
The Man With The Golden Gun - Ian Fleming
Markings - Dag Hammarskjφld
The Painted Bird - Jerzy Kosinski
The Source - James A. Michener
Those Who Love - Irving Stone
The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch - Philip K. Dick
Up the Down Staircase - Bel Kaufman
James Baldwin, Going to Meet the Man
Amiri Baraka, The Dead Lecturer
Heinrich Bφll, The Clown
Peter Matthiessen, At Play in the Fields of the Lord
Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed
Sylvia Plath, Ariel, The Uncollected Poems
Eudora Welty, Thirteen Stories
July 31 - Joanne Kathleen Rowling, author
January 4 - T. S. Eliot, American/British poet
January 12 - Lorraine Hansberry, writer
December 16 - William Somerset Maugham
Hugo Award: Fritz Leiber, The Wanderer
Nebula Award: Frank Herbert, Dune
Newbery Medal for children's literature: Maia Wojciechowska, Shadow of a Bull
Nobel Prize for literature - Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov
Prix Goncourt: J. Borel, L'Adoration
Prix Mιdicis: Renι-Victor Pilhes, La Rhubarbe
Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Frank D. Gilroy, The Subject Was Roses
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Shirley Ann Grau - The Keepers Of The House
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: John Berryman: 77 Dream Songs
Viareggio Prize: Goffredo Parise, Il Padrone (The Boss)
1965 in Music - Events
January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million.
January 12 - Hullabaloo premieres on NBC. The first show included performances by the New Christy Minstrels, comedian Woody Allen, actress Joey Heatherton and a segment from London in which Brian Epstein introduces The Zombies and Gerry & the Pacemakers.
January 17 - Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts' book, Ode to a High Flying Bird, a tribute to jazz great Charlie Parker, is published
January 21 - The Animals' show at New York's Apollo Theater is canceled after the U.S. Immigration Department forces the group to leave the theater.
January 21 - The Rolling Stones and Roy Orbison travel to Sydney, Australia to begin their Australian tour
January 27 - Paul Simon appears on BBC radio for the first time, on their Five To Ten show, discussing and playing thirteen songs, twelve of which would appear on his May-recorded and August-released UK-only album, The Paul Simon Song Book.
February 12 - NMES reports the Beatles will star in a film adaptation of Richard Condon's novel A Talent for Loving. The story is about a 1,400-mile horse race that takes place in the old west. The film is never made.
February 24 - The Beatles begin filming their second film, Help!.
March 4 - Under the advice of producer Tom Wilson, Simon and Garfunkel record a heavy backing band onto their song 'The Sounds Of Silence,' for release on 45 rpm single, and record backing song 'We've Got A Groovey Thing Goin'' for it. The single will go on to hit #1 on the Billboard charts in December.
March 18 - Rolling Stones Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, and Bill Wyman are fined five pounds for urinating on the wall of a London gas station. The band had asked to use the restroom, but it was out of order.
April 11 - The New Musical Express poll winners' concert takes place featuring performances by The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Freddie and the Dreamers, the Animals, the Kinks, the Searchers, the Seekers, Herman's Hermits, Moody Blues, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Donovan, Them, Cilla Black, Dusty Springfield and Tom Jones
April 21 - The Beach Boys appear on Shindig! performing their most recent hit, 'Do You Wanna Dance?'
April 26 - Leopold Stokowski conducts the first complete performance of Charles Ives' Symphony No. 4, more than ten years after the composer's death
May 6 - Keith Richards and Mick Jagger begin work on 'Satisfaction' in their Clearwater, Florida hotel room. Richards came up with the classic guitar riff while playing around with his brand new Gibson 'Fuzz box'.
May 9 - Bob Dylan performs the first of two concerts at London's Royal Albert Hall, concluding his tour of Europe. Audience members include The Beatles, and Donovan.
June 12- The Beatles were appointed Members of the British Empire (MBE) by the Queen. Since it was unusual for rock stars to be appointed as MBEs, a number of previous recipients complained and protested.
July 25 - Bob Dylan plays Newport Folk Festival, is booed for playing electric set with Paul Butterfield Blues Band.
August 15 - The Beatles play Shea Stadium, which was the first rock concert to be held in a venue of that size. The concert also set new world records for attendance (55,600+) and for revenue.
August 27 - The Beatles visit Elvis Presley at his home in Bel-Air. It is the first and only time the band and the singer met.
September - Paul Simon is about to go on stage at a Danish folk club when he learns that his song 'The Sounds Of Silence' has entered the top 100 in the Billboard charts.
October 15 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix signs a three year recording contract with Ed Chaplin, receiving $1 and 1% royalty on records with Curtis Knight. The agreement will later cause continuous litigation problems with Hendrix and other record labels.
Paul Simon spends most of the year in the United Kingdom, building his career as a traveling solo folk-rock singer-songwriter.
The Grateful Dead's musical career begins
Teddy Pendergrass' musical career begins
The Delfonics' musical career begins
The Byrds' musical career begins
Jefferson Airplane's musical career begins
Lucinda Williams' musical career begins
Burt Bacharach's musical career begins
Los Jairas forms
Marc Bolan's musical career begins
Merle Haggard's musical career begins
Mireille Mathieu's musical career begins
Pink Floyd's musical career begins
Commercial sale of pre-recorded musicassettes begins
Help! - The Beatles
Rubber Soul - The Beatles
The Paul Simon Song Book - Paul Simon
The Paul Butterfield Blues Band - The Paul Butterfield Blues Band
Out Of Our Heads - The Rolling Stones
My Generation - The Who
Orbisongs - Roy Orbison
Top Hits on Record
'Day Tripper' - The Beatles
'Downtown' - Petula Clark
'Eight Days A Week' - The Beatles
'England Swings' - Roger Miller
'Five O'Clock World' - Vogues
'Hang On Sloopy' - The McCoys
'Help!' - The Beatles
'Help Me Rhonda' - The Beach Boys
'I Can't Help Myself' - The Four Tops
'I Got You (I Feel Good)' - James Brown
'I Got You Babe' - Sonny & Cher
'King of the Road' - Roger Miller
'Let's Hang On' - The Four Seasons
'Like A Rolling Stone' - Bob Dylan
'Mr. Tambourine Man' - The Byrds
'My Girl' - The Temptations
'Ride Away' - Roy Orbison
'Satisfaction' - Rolling Stones
'The Sounds Of Silence' - Simon and Garfunkel
'Stop! In the Name Of Love' - The Supremes
'Ticket To Ride' - The Beatles
'Turn Turn Turn' - The Byrds
'We Can Work It Out' - The Beatles
'What's New, Pussycat?' - Tom Jones
'Yesterday' - The Beatles
'You Turn Me On' - Ian Whitcomb
Published Popular Music
'The Ballad Of Cat Ballou' w. Mack David m. Jerry Livingston from the film Cat Ballou
'Come Back To Me' w. Alan Jay Lerner m. Burton Lane from the musical On A Clear Day You Can See Forever
'Do I Hear A Waltz?' w. Stephen Sondheim m. Richard Rodgers from the musical Do I Hear A Waltz?
'England Swings' w.m. Roger Miller
'Flash, Bang, Wallop' w.m. David Heneker from the musical Half A Sixpence
'Forget Domani' w. Norman Newell m. Riz Ortolani from the film The Yellow Rolls-Royce
'I'd Do It Again' w.m. Marian Grudeff and Raymond Jessel from the musical Baker Street
'I'm On Fire' w.m. Bruce Springsteen
'The Impossible Dream' w. Joe Darion m. Mitch Leigh from the musical Man Of La Mancha
'Michelle' w.m. John Lennon & Paul McCartney
'Moment To Moment' w. Johnny Mercer m. Henry Mancini from the film Moment To Moment
'On A Clear Day (You Can See Forever)' w. Alan Jay Lerner m. Burton Lane from the musical On A Clear Day You Can See Forever
'Something Good' w.m. Richard Rodgers from the film of the musical The Sound Of Music
'Somewhere My Love (Lara's Theme)' w. Paul Francis Webster m. Maurice Jarre from the film Doctor Zhivago
'The Sweetheart Tree' w. Johnny Mercer m. Henry Mancini
'Until It's Time For You To Go' w.m. Buffy Sainte-Marie
'What The World Needs Now Is Love' w.Hal David m. Burt Bacharach
'What's New Pussycat' w. Hal David m. Burt Bacharach from the film What's New Pussycat?
'Who Can I Turn To?' w.m. Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley from the musical The Roar Of The Greasepaint, The Smell Of The Crowd
'(On A) Wonderful Day Like Today' w.m. Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley from the musical The Roar Of The Greasepaint, The Smell Of The Crowd
'Yesterday' w.m. John Lennon & Paul McCartney
'You're Gonna Hear From Me' w. Dory Previn m. Andre Previn from the film Inside Daisy Clover
1965 in Sports
Stock car racing:
o Fred Lorenzen wins the Daytona 500
o NASCAR Championship - Ned Jarrett
Indianapolis 500 - Jimmy Clark
USAC Racing - Mario Andretti
Formula One Champion - Jimmy Clark of Great Britain
24 hours of Le Mans:
o the team of Jochen Rindt / Masten Gregory won, driving a Ferrari 275LM
Rally racing - the team of Timo Makinen / Paul Easter won the Monte Carlo Rally driving a Mini Cooper S
o Don Garlits won the NHRA, 'Top Fuel' Championship
o Maynard Rupp won 'Top Fuel' at the NHRA World Finals
World Series: Los Angeles Dodgers win 4 games to 3 over the Minnesota Twins. The Series MVP was Sandy Koufax, Los Angeles.
NCAA Men's Basketball Championship:
o UCLA wins 91-80 over Michigan
o Boston Celtics win 4 games to 1 over the Los Angeles Lakers
March 30 - Jose Torres won the Light Heavyweight Championship of the World, stopping Willie Pastrano in nine rounds, at New York's Madison Square Garden.
Imperial Cricket Conference is renamed to International Cricket Conference and new rules are adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the British Commonwealth.
Giro d'Italia won by Vittorio Adorni of Italy
Tour de France - Felice Gimondi of Italy
World Cycling Championship: Tom Simpson of Great Britain
March 13 - In an international women's field hockey match at Wembley Stadium,England. South Africa beat England 2-1.
World Figure Skating Championships:
o Men's champion: Alain Calmat, (France)
o Women's champion: Petra Burka, (Canada)
o Pairs champions: Ludmila Belousowa & Oleg Protopopow, (Soviet Union)
England - FA Cup: Liverpool won 2 - 1 (aet) over Leeds United
American Football League Championship (AFL) Buffalo Bills won 23-0 over the San Diego Chargers
NFL Championship: Green Bay Packers won 23-12 over the Cleveland Browns
NCAA Football Champions
Alabama (AP, FW-tie) (9-1-1) & Michigan St. (UPI, NFF, FW-tie) (10-1-0)
Canadian Football League
Grey Cup: Hamilton Tiger-Cats win 22-16 over the Winnipeg Blue Bombers
Vanier Cup: Toronto Varsity Blues win 14-7 over the Alberta Golden Bears
Grand Slam of golf results:
1. May - The Masters - Jack Nicklaus
2. June - US Open - Gary Player
3. July - British Open - Peter Thomson
4. August - PGA Championship - Dave Marr
PGA tour's leading money winner for the year: Jack Nicklaus - $140,752
Ryder Cup: United States wins 19 1/2 to 12 1/2 over Britain in world team golf.
US Women's Open - Carol Mann
LPGA Championship - Sandra Haynie
Kathy Whitworth: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $28,658
Thoroughbred Horse Racing
Australia - Melbourne Cup - Light Fingers
Canada - Queen's Plate - Whistling Sea
France - Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe - Sea-Bird II
Ireland - Irish Derby Stakes - Meadow Court
English Triple Crown Races:
1. Two Thousand Guineas Stakes - Niksar
2. Epsom Derby - Sea-Bird
3. St. Leger Stakes - Provoke
United States Triple Crown Races:
1. Kentucky Derby - Lucky Debonair
2. Preakness Stakes - Tom Rolfe
3. Belmont Stakes - Hail to All
Bret Hanover wins the United States Pacing Triple Crown races:
1. Cane Pace - Bret Hanover
2. Little Brown Jug - Bret Hanover
3. Messenger Stakes - Bret Hanover
United States Trotting Triple Crown races:
1. Hambletonian - Egyptian Candor
2. Yonkers Trot
3. Kentucky Futurity
Australian Inter Dominion Harness Racing Championship:
o Pacers: Jay Ar
o Trotters: Poupette
Art Ross Memorial Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Stan Mikita, Chicago Blackhawks
Hart Memorial Trophy for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Bobby Hull, Chicago Blackhawks
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens won 4 games to 3 over the Chicago Blackhawks
World Hockey Championship:
o Men's champion: Soviet Union defeated Czechoslovakia
World Snooker Championship challenge matches:
o John Pulman beats Fred Davis 37-36
o John Pulman beats Rex Williams 25-22
o John Pulman beats Fred Van Rensburg 39-12
Grand Slam in tennis men's results:
1. Australian Open - Roy Emerson
2. French Open - Fred Stolle
3. Wimbledon championships - Roy Emerson
4. US Open - Manuel Santana
Grand Slam in tennis women's results:
1. Australian Open - Margaret Smith
2. French Open - Lesley Turner
3. Wimbledon championships - Margaret Smith
4. US Open - Margaret Smith
Davis Cup: Australia won 4-1 over Spain in world tennis.
General sporting events
January 25 - Dominik Hasek, ice hockey player
February 11 - Angie Ridgeway, golfer
March 1 - Stewart Elliott, jockey
May 9 - Steve Yzerman, ice hockey player
May 13 - Jo Thompson,British field hockey goalkeeper
June 3 - Helen Plimmer,English cricketer
September 25 - Scottie Pippen, NBA star
October 5 - Mario Lemieux, ice hockey player
October 5 - Patrick Roy, ice hockey player
December 3 - Katarina Witt, figure skater
January 11 - Wally Pipp, Major League Baseball player, (1913-1928)
March 5 - Pepper Martin, Major League Baseball player, (1928-1944)
March 6 - Wally Schang, Major League Baseball player, (1913-1931)
March 17 - Amos Alonzo Stagg, baseball, basketball and American football coach and player